Tuesday, 12 August 2014

A couple of knife jobs....

Having made this knife some weeks, maybe even months ago, it has lived precariously and dangerously, simply dropped into my bag of tools, waiting for me to reach in and blindly rummage and give me the cut of a lifetime.

I thought it was time I made a sheath of some kind before I regretted it.
The problem with these little Frosts knives is that they are so lethally pointed and sharp that a regular stitched leather job is probably not sufficient to ensure against injury - certainly unless you use sheath liners the blade is going to find itself poking through at some point. I know that for this reason lots of people opt for boxes in which to keep their knives. I had contemplated this but thought I would try something more along the lines of a traditional Nordic type sheath. I really love the Sami knives that have a bottom section (the bit where the pointy bit of the knife is going to be) made from wood, antler or bone. This has obvious benefits in protecting yourself from accidental cuts.

So, I used another piece of the same wood I had made the handle from, drilled it, cut it to size, filed, made the horizontal ridges where the leather would be shrink fitted to the wood, cut and stitched the leather, wrapped the knife in cling film, inserted the knife and left it over night to dry.

I was very pleased with the results this morning and thought I could finish it off with a little decorative chip carving on the wooden section. However, I cut the first chip to find the side wall was thinner than I had thought and I had broken through the wall to the cavity inside. I couldn't believe it - I had ruined the sheath!

Then I had an idea. I made a few more shallower chips, filled them all with wood filler; rubbed them down, waxed and low and behold - an inlaid sheath.

It's not perfect, but it will certainly keep my knife safer in my bag.

The second job was to make a sheath for a little knife I made two years ago. A friend of my son's had asked if I could make him something from a small section of an apple tree that had grown during his childhood in his back garden. His father had cut it down and was using it for firewood and he wanted something to remember it by. I think he had hoped I could turn something from it, but there wasn't enough and it was pretty dry and cracked. So, I made a small blade from an old steel file. Handled it with the apple wood and filled the cracks with apoxy before finishing.

The young man who I made it for has since been away and I haven't seen him for two years in order to give it to him. No doubt he has forgotten all about it but I am expecting to see him at the weekend, so I thought it would be good to make a sheath for it.

It's actually quite a sweet little knife - razor sharp and handy enough to slip into a pocket if needed. The sheath is made from a sample of leather that a shoe designer friend of mine gave me. It is actually football leather, hence the texture. It is cut and stitched then cased and water-formed to hold it's shape. Should do the trick nicely. I hope he likes it.

Struggling for Perfection and Failing

I've taken a bit of a break from making things over the last two weeks as I've been busy with the arrival of our third son Levi. Things are starting to calm down a bit though so I decided to do a bit of turning. I really like the idea of the things I make being used and not just being ornamental pieces. I use wooden bowls and spoons every day. For me, they enhance my eating experience and I think that they look even better after being used for some time. So, with this in mind I decided to turn my first set of bowls.

I contemplated making a template for the outside profile that I could use to get all of the bowls the same, but decided against this approach. I think that to have them all exactly the same would take something away from the handmade feel and so I decided that I would copy them purely from comparing them to an original.

For the most part I think that it worked well. I especially liked the fact that I did the three copies together in a sort of mini production run, preparing all three blanks, then turning the outside and finally hollowing them all out. That helped me to get them the same and also sped up the operation.
They're not clones and you can even work out which pairs came from the same side of the log, but I like that. After finishing them last night looked at the Lost Art Press blog and came across this quote from furniture maker David Savage, which kind of sums up my feelings: I am hanging on for this, as it fits my need to put clear blue water between my furniture and the robot-driven, manufactured surface. That routine, intimidating perfection of industry that surrounds us. I wanted a human, imperfect surface, a surface that reminded us of the skilled hand struggling for perfection and failing. I wanted failure.

Wednesday, 30 July 2014

"Check-out My Rack!!"

I needed some method of displaying some of the spoons I'm going to be taking with me to the National Forest Wood Fair - I have quite a few now and I don't really just want to throw them down on a table some place. So I spent some time today making this:
OK - Peter Fallonsbee it aint, but it certainly does the trick. Made from some lengths of kiln dried cedar facing - not really the best material - it looks nice, but it light-weight and brittle, snapping easily along the grain. I accidentally snapped one of the teeth off of one of the shelves but it glued right back on ok, and I still have to get it there in one piece yet.

Set at a bit of an angle so the spoons don't all come tumbling off and it wont fall over too easily. The legs are dowel and simply push into a predrilled whole.

Simple but effective tennons and pegs - it's amazing how when you put the pegs in it pulls it all together and makes the whole structure rigid and firm.

I was away on holiday last week - sweltering on a beautiful Welsh beach - so didn't get any carving done, but I made these over the weekend. They were from an unknown variety of limb that Julian had given me. When I split it, the smell of tannin was undeniable and I knew straight away it was oak. I should have given up at that point as oak is tough enough to carve when fresh - this was a few months old. But, I love the colour and texture you get with oak spoons so I pressed on and am quite pleased with the results.

Tuesday, 29 July 2014

Svante Djarv Little Viking axe

I've had this axe for a while now so it is about time that I did some kind of review. At 800g this is classed as a mid weight axe, falling in-between the Gransfors Swedish Carving axe (1Kg) and the Gransfors Wildlife hatchet (600g). The weight was the main factor for me in making this purchase, but I have to say that 200g less doesn't make that much difference, so if you're looking for a lighter axe then you may want to pick something else.

Comparison with the Swedish Carving axe (top)
The handle is 1/2" shorter than the SCA at 13 1/2", it is made from elm and has the lovely textured finish that you get with most of Svante Djarv's tools. I think that the handle would benefit from being a little bit thinner as it's 38mm at the point where I hold it the most. This makes it thicker than any of my other axe handles (SCA is 35.5). I've not found the thickness to be a problem yet, but Sean Hellman wrote a great blog post a few months back about the thickness of axe handles and how they can cause strain injuries. Check out his post here.

The great thing about this axe is the head (obviously). It has a very long edge at 5 1/2" with a continuous curve that combine to make for a very efficient slicing action. It has a spacious beard that make it very comfortable for choking up close. 

If you compare it to the beard on the SCA, you can see that not only is there more space for your fingers, but it also allows you to get further behind the blade. This gives you more control and also allows you to grip the axe in several different ways so that you can use the axe almost like a knife.

I learned to use these grips after seeing Jon Mac using a Nic Westermann axe on his blog. You can see his post here. They make it easier to get more wood off with the axe before you move on to using a knife. Another feature that makes it more comfortable to use the axe like this is the way that the edges have been rounded off.

This is both practical and a nice aesthetic touch. There is also a groove on the poll of the axe that you can rest your thumb in when using the axe for precision cuts with your finger extended along the cheek of the axe.

The head is secured to the handle with a single wooden wedge making it easier to replace the handle if necessary.

My Viking axe has a symmetrical bevel, but it is available with an asymmetric bevel with either a left or right hand bias. I've seen it described as having a 30 degree bevel with a flat grind, this is certainly not the case with mine. I measured the bevel at 23 degrees and it is clear from the visible grind marks that it is actually hollow ground with a partial flat area at the edge and back of the bevel.

This makes it easier to sharpen to a full flat bevel if you want to, but I don't think that it's necessary as it comes very sharp and works well. I guess that it will become flat in time through sharpening.

In conclusion this is a very versatile carving axe made with the highest level of craftsmanship. I would highly recommend it. It is available in the UK from Woodland Craft Supplies or Woodsmithexperience.co.uk. I am not aware of a US supplier, but Country Workshops supply other Svante Djarv tools so if you contacted them you might be able to make a special order.

Wednesday, 23 July 2014

Tool Monogamy

I've got a problem. For a while now I've been following Chris Schwarz's blog, both at Popular Woodworking and Lost Arts Press. I love his book The Anarchist's Tool Chest, but one of his philosophies causes a bit of a problem for me. One advantage he gives in favour of using a chest to store your tools is that the limited space accommodates a limited number of tools. He sees this as a good thing because it encourages what he calls "tool monogamy".

Hultafors splitting maul
So here's where I have a problem: the idea of tool monogamy resonates with me on one level, but on another level I hate it. Axes are a good example of this for me. Now I know that compared to some my axe collection is paltry, but I have to admit that I have more than I need. Some of them serve different functions, such as my splitting maul, some have different grinds or weights and are therefore justifiable, but some of them have very similar specifications and uses and in addition to this I want more.
Gransfors Swedish Carving Axe

Now the idea behind tool monogamy is that you don't have two tools that fulfil the same purpose. there are several benefits to this aside from the obvious one of saving space and money. If I only have one carving hatchet, then I only have one to maintain and keep sharp. Staying faithful also means that I learn how to use that particular tool better and over time it becomes like an extension of my arm. Beyond the practical it also means that I develop a relationship with that tool. It comes with me on all of my adventures and works in partnership with me on everything I create. I know that sounds a bit romantic, but I think anybody that would be reading this blog (unless they came across it by accident) can appreciate a little romanticism.

Stefan Ronnqvist viking axe

But despite all of this I'm still not ready to give up any of my axes. Romanticism is rarely practical and my relationship with my tools is not a practical one either. It is not about need. I thought about this when someone posted on a Facebook forum about spoon carving, looking for advice on the purchase of a new axe. Several of the respondents tried to talk him out of it saying that he didn't need to buy a new axe. It was clear to me that the enquirer wanted to buy one whether he needed to or not. It seemed strange to me (I hope this doesn't get controversial) that a group of people making and selling wooden spoons tried to talk someone out of a purchase on the basis of necessity Who needs to buy a wooden spoon? I love wooden spoons  and use them all of the time, I don't need them and they don't fulfil a purpose that my old metal spoons didn't, but I do enjoy them and feel that my eating experience is enhanced by them. I apply the same thinking to my tools. I enjoy using them and they enhance my experience..
Elwell felling axe

The matter of cost isn't straight forward either. I am very fortunate to have disposable income and I use that money to do things that bring me pleasure. I know some people would scoff at the amount of money I might spend on an axe, but wouldn't think twice about spending the same on a weekends revelry. Most of the axes I buy are made by individual craftsmen and some have a waiting list. this means that with the proper amount of care there will be very little depreciation in value, in fact some are worth more than I paid for them.            
Cegga hunters axe

The jury is out however. I definitely like the idea of applying tool monogamy to certain things, especially the bit about building a better relationship through fidelity to that one tool, but if I'm honest I can see my carving tools growing rather than diminishing. I think I might have a problem.

Roselli all-round axe

Monday, 21 July 2014

Get your Ash into gear

I've spent a bit of time recently turning bowls out of Ash for the first time. As a hobbyist greenwood worker sourcing the raw materials feels a bit like hunting and a bit like scavenging, looking around for a chance to grab some decent wood. This Ash came from the all too familiar sight of a closed down pub. I've never drank alcohol (for religious reasons), but that has never stopped me from going to the pub to socialise with my friends that do. I think that it's a real shame to see so many of our pubs being closed down, partly because I think that they're a part of our culture and partly because it can lead to people drinking at home to a greater excess as it's so much cheaper. Binge drinking I think it's called. Anyway, this was a particularly rough pub, so ignore everything I just said.

In his fabulous book about wooden bowls, imaginatively titled 'The Wooden Bowl', Robin Wood states that Ash was the most popular wood for bowls from the 12th to the 15th centuries despite the fact that, by his reckoning, it takes nearly half as long again to make a bowl from Ash as it's hard to get a clean cut. Robin was talking about turning on a pole lathe though and as my lathe is electric I didn't think that I would have the same difficulty. I was wrong.

The fibrous wood is hard to cut cleanly, even when you crank the speed up a gear. I only tried to apply carved decoration once as well (I don't know how Richard manages to carve so many spoons with it). The distinct grain is lovely though and I'm faced with a real dilemma as to whether I should paint them or not. I have to confess that for a time I was tempted by the sanding demon perched on my shoulder, but I overcame.

I got a little bit carried away with this last one and nearly went too far when hollowing it. I might sell it as a special bowl for viewing a solar eclipse.

So, not my favourite timber so far, but I have a couple more logs left and until I can hunt down some better wood, I'd better get my Ash into gear.

Saturday, 19 July 2014

Summer Holidays Week 1

I should begin by apologising for being so brazen in flaunting the fact that I am on school holidays for the next 6 weeks but, in my defense, just bear in mind that that means that when I'm not on holiday I have to do what teachers do - enough said.

So, to start off with I thought I would put legs on the chopping block that I use in my back garden for most of my axe work. I put legs on it once before by cutting angled channels and then chamfering the legs. I was very proud of it, until the block dried out a bit and the edges of the channels broke off. For the last year or more it has simply sat on the low wall in my garden.

I began by drilling three holes in the base of the stump using a scotch-eyed auger. It worked well and I was amazed at the moist, fragrant sawdust that came out. However, it wasn't until I had added the legs that I realized I hadn't put enough angle on the holes and what I ended up with was like something out of the War of the Worlds.
Too high, but legs too close together - liable to fall over.

Next Morning, I sawed the legs back off, drilled three new holes and tried again - much better.
Tuesday this week I went with my daughter to Melton Mowbray Farmers Market. I only get to go during school hols so I'm usually keen to go first week. I was going, ostensibly, to sell these little beauties for a friend:
His working ferret had sired a litter of 12 cobs, all of which were healthy and happy, but he couldn't keep them all - they were costing him a fortune in cat food. What I wasn't expecting was how gooey Chloe went once she saw the chicks and ducklings in the feather auction, and so we came home with these:
Admittedly cute, but somewhat distracting. They are black Pekin pullets - I bet they're both roosters, but until they start crowing and scrapping I'm happy for the kids to enjoy them.
Anyway, I have got some carving done this week. Firstly, an attempt at a kuksa in lime. I've only ever made one before and it was a valuable lesson in not undertaking such extensive hand carving activities from fairly well seasoned oak! I have long been a fan of these traditional Scandinavian drinking bowls and particularly admire those of Jon Mac and Alexander Yerks - both exceptional carvers - you've got to check out their kuksas.

It's not finished - I've had it wrapped in newspaper to dry out a bit as it was beginning to split on the lip - exactly the same spot my first one split. It's a simple design with a beaver-tail handle.

I'm not so keen on the colour either, but once it's finished and has some form of decoration on, I guess it will be ok for a second attempt. I really must do some more in the future, but need a gouge instead as it's just too hard to do with a crook knife - hours of hollowing out!

 I didn't carve all ten of these from scratch this week - about four, I think, but all were trimmed and cleaned up a bit, ready to take to the National Forest Wood Fair.
 Ten eating spoons in ash or willow.

These eating spoons are in willow - long but very thin and feel lovely in hand. I like to crank my spoons but, as you can see, there's hardly any crank on these.

12" Serving spoons in willow. - I haven't told the story of how I came about this willow yet, but that will have to wait for another post. I love the stripes that have come through on these.

Again in willow - a spatula, a coffee spoon and a double cranked eating spoon.

This next spoon is my favourite of the bunch. It's nothing special, as such, except that my 9 year son asked me if I would carve him a spoon to eat with - my kids are not really interested otherwise - so I was really thrilled to be able to put a bunch of spoons out and say 'take your pick'. As it happened, the spoon he picked which I had carved some time ago out of ash, was not very good for actually eating with, the bowl was too deep and you would struggle to get your top lip into it, so I made one exactly the same (sans d├ęcor) from willow with a shallower bowl which he has tried in his mouth several times as I was making it to ensure it was right for him. It's only 4 3/4 inches long and once dry and oiled I will carve some design or other on it.